History & Islam

Roger Botte
Révolte, pouvoir, religion: les Hubbus de Futa-Jalon (Guinée)

Journal of African History (29):3 391-413

Abstract. Examines the power struggle during the mid-19th century between the Islamic rulers of the Fouta-Diallon and the Hubbu movement, a religious fraternity, founded in 1845 by Alfa Mamadu Dyuhe. The Fouta state, which had been founded by an Islamic revolution in the 18th century, lost the support of its Fula founders due to the oppression of much of the population. The Fula and the Malinke were particularly responsive to Alfa Mamadu's preachings. At the height of its success the Hubbu took possession of the Fouta state capital of Timbo, twice. It defeated and killed the ruler, Almami Ibrahima Sori Daara. However, after Alfa Mamadu's death in 1854 the members failed to carry through the revolution and turned to banditry. (M. Binns)